アルファベット順リスト

Total 315/466


A
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
acetaldehyde C2H4O
CH3CHO ethanal (エタナール) acetaldehyde (アセトアルデヒド)
acetamide C2H5ON
CH3CONH2 ethanamide (エタンアミド)
methane carbonamide (メタンカルボンアミド)
acetamide (アセトアミド)
acethylene C2H2
CH#CH ethyne (エチン) acethylene (アセチレン)
acetic acid C2H4O2
CH3COOH ethanoic acid (エタン酸) acetic acid (酢酸)
acetone C3H6O
CH3COCH3 propanone (プロパノン) acetone (アセトン)
dimethyl ketone (ジメチルケトン)
acetonitrile C2H3N
CH3CN ethanenitrile (エタンニトリル)
methanecarbonitrile (メタンカルボニトリル)
acetonitrile (アセトニトリル)
methyl cyanide (シアン化メチル)
acetophenone C8H8O
C6H5COCH3
COCH3
1-phenylethanone (1-フェニルエタノン) acetophenone (アセトフェノン)
methylphenylketone (メチルフェニルケトン)
acrylic acid C3H4O2
CH2=CHCOOH propenoic acid (プロペン酸) acrylic acid (アクリル酸)
adipic acid C6H10O4
HOOCC4H8COOH
HOOC[CH2]4COOH
hexanedioic acid (ヘキサン二酸) adipic acid (アジピン酸)
allene C3H4
CH2=C=CH2 allene (アレン)
propadiene (プロパジエン)
 
aminobenzene C6H7N
C6H5NH2
NH2
benzenamine (ベンゼナミン) aniline (アニリン)
phenylamine (フェニルアミン)
aminobenzene (アミノベンゼン)
ammonia H3N
NH3 ammonia (アンモニア)  
amyl acetate C7H14O2
CH3COOC5H11 pentyl ethanoate (エタン酸ペンチル) amyl acetate (酢酸アミル)
n-amyl alcohol C5H12O
C5H11OH
CH3[CH2]4OH
1-pentanol (1-ペンタノール) n-amyl alcohol (正アミルアルコール)
amylamine? C5H13N
C5H11NH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2NH2
amylamine? (アミルアミン) n-amylamine (正アミルアミン)
n-amylamine C5H13N
C5H11NH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2NH2
amylamine? (アミルアミン) n-amylamine (正アミルアミン)
aniline C6H7N
C6H5NH2
NH2
benzenamine (ベンゼナミン) aniline (アニリン)
phenylamine (フェニルアミン)
aminobenzene (アミノベンゼン)
anisole C7H8O
C6H5OCH3
OCH3
methylphenylether (メチルフェニルエーテル)
methoxybenzene (メトキシベンゼン)
anisole (アニソール)
anthracene C14H10
C14H10
anthracene (アントラセン)  
azeleic acid C9H16O4
HOOCC7H14COOH
HOOC[CH2]7COOH
nonanedioic acid (ノナン二酸) azeleic acid (アゼライン酸)
lepargilic acid (レパルギル酸)
azulene C10H8
C10H8
azulene (アズレン)  

B
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
benzaldehyde C7H6O
C6H5CHO
CHO
benzaldehyde (ベンズアルデヒド)   
benzenamine C6H7N
C6H5NH2
NH2
benzenamine (ベンゼナミン) aniline (アニリン)
phenylamine (フェニルアミン)
aminobenzene (アミノベンゼン)
benzene C6H6
C6H6
benzene (ベンゼン)  
benzoic acid C7H6O2
C6H5COOH
COOH
benzoic acid (安息香酸)  
benzonitrile C7H5N
C6H5CN
CN
benzonitrile (ベンゾニトリル) phenylcyanide (シアン化フェニル)
benzophenone C13H10O
C6H5COC6H5
CO
diphenylmethanone (ジフェニルメタノン) benzophenone (ベンゾフェノン)
diphenylketone (ジフェニルケトン)
bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane C7H12
      H 
H2C---C---CH2
  |   |   |
  |   CH2 |
  |   |   |
H2C---C---CH2
      H
bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane (ビシクロ[2.2.1]ヘプタン) norbornane (ノルボルナン)
biphenyl C12H10
C6H5C6H5
biphenyl (ビフェニル)  
bromobenzene C6H5Br
C6H5Br
Br
bromobenzene (ブロモベンゼン)  
bromoform CHBr3
CHBr3 tribromomethane (トリブロムメタン) bromoform (ブロモホルム)
bromomethane CH3Br
CH3Br bromomethane (ブロムメタン) methyl bromide (臭化メチル)
1,2-butadiene C4H6
CH3CH=C=CH2 1,2-butadiene (1,2-ブタジエン) methylallene (メチルアレン)
1,3-butadiene C4H6
CH2=CHCH=CH2 1,3-butadiene (1,3-ブタジエン)
butadiene (ブタジエン)
divinyl (ジビニル)
vinylethylene(ビニルエチレン)
butadiene C4H6
CH2=CHCH=CH2 1,3-butadiene (1,3-ブタジエン)
butadiene (ブタジエン)
divinyl (ジビニル)
vinylethylene(ビニルエチレン)
butanal C4H8O
C3H7CHO
CH3[CH2]2CHO
butanal (ブタナール) n-butyraldehyde (正ブチルアルデヒド)
(酪酸アルデヒド)
butanamide C4H9ON
C3H7CONH2
CH3CH2CH2CONH2
butanamide (ブタンアミド)
propane carbonamide (プロパンカルボンアミド)
n-butylamide (正ブチルアミド)
butane carbonamide C5H11ON
C4H9CONH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2CONH2
pentanamide (ペンタンアミド)
butane carbonamide (ブタンカルボンアミド)
valeramide (バレルアミド)
butane C4H10
CH3[CH2]2CH3 butane (ブタン) n-butane (正ブタン)
n-butane C4H10
CH3[CH2]2CH3 butane (ブタン) n-butane (正ブタン)
n-butanecarboxylic acid C5H10O2
C4H9COOH
CH3[CH2]3COOH
pentanoic acid (ペンタン酸) n-valeric acid (正吉草酸)
n-butanecarboxylic acid (正ブタンカルボン酸)
n-propylacetic acid (正プロピル酢酸)
butanedioic acid C4H6O4
HOOCC2H4COOH
HOOC[CH2]2COOH
butanedioic acid (ブタン二酸) succinic acid (コハク酸)
butanoic acid C4H8O2
C3H7COOH
CH3[CH2]2COOH
butanoic acid (ブタン酸) n-butyric acid (正酪酸)
ethylacetic acid (エチル酢酸)
1-butanol C4H10O
C4H9OH
CH3[CH2]3OH
1-butanol (1-ブタノール) n-butyl alcohol (正ブチルアルコール)
butanone C4H8O
CH3CH2COCH3 butanone (ブタノン) ethylmethyl ketone (エチルメチルケトン)
1-buten C4H8
CH3CH2CH=CH2 1-buten (1-ブテン) ethyle ethylene (エチルエチレン)
α-butylene (α-ブチレン)
2-buten C4H8
CH3CH=CHCH3 2-buten (2-ブテン) dimethyle ethylene (ジメチルエチレン)
β-butylene (β-ブチレン)
cis-butenedioic acid C4H4O4
HOOCCH=CHCOOH cis-butenedioic acid (cis-ブテン二酸) maleic acid (マレイン酸)
trans-butenedioic acid C4H4O4
HOOCCH=CHCOOH trans-butenedioic acid (trans-ブテン二酸) fumaric acid (フマル酸)
1-butine C4H6
CH3CH2C#CH 1-butine (1-ブチン) ethylacethylene (エチルアセチレン)
2-butine C4H6
CH3C#CCH3 2-butine (2-ブチン) dimethylacethylene (ジメチルアセチレン)
crotonylene (クロトニレン)
n-butyl alcohol C4H10O
C4H9OH
CH3[CH2]3OH
1-butanol (1-ブタノール) n-butyl alcohol (正ブチルアルコール)
n-butylacetic acid C6H12O2
C5H11COOH
CH3[CH2]4COOH
hexanoic acid (ヘキサン酸) n-caproic acid (正カプロン酸)
n-pentanecarboxylic acid (正ペンタンカルボン酸)
n-butylacetic acid (正ブチル酢酸)
n-butylamide C4H9ON
C3H7CONH2
CH3CH2CH2CONH2
butanamide (ブタンアミド)
propane carbonamide (プロパンカルボンアミド)
n-butylamide (正ブチルアミド)
butylamine C4H11N
C4H9NH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2NH2
butylamine (ブチルアミン) n-butylamine (正ブチルアミン)
n-butylamine C4H11N
C4H9NH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2NH2
butylamine (ブチルアミン) n-butylamine (正ブチルアミン)
α-butylene C4H8
CH3CH2CH=CH2 1-buten (1-ブテン) ethyle ethylene (エチルエチレン)
α-butylene (α-ブチレン)
β-butylene C4H8
CH3CH=CHCH3 2-buten (2-ブテン) dimethyle ethylene (ジメチルエチレン)
β-butylene (β-ブチレン)
γ-butylene C4H8
   CH3
   |
CH3C=CH2
2-methyle propen (2-メチルプロペン) isbutylene (イソブチレン)
2-methyle propylen (2-メチルプロピレン)
γ-butylene (γ-ブチレン)
n-butyraldehyde C4H8O
C3H7CHO
CH3[CH2]2CHO
butanal (ブタナール) n-butyraldehyde (正ブチルアルデヒド)
(酪酸アルデヒド)
n-butyric acid C4H8O2
C3H7COOH
CH3[CH2]2COOH
butanoic acid (ブタン酸) n-butyric acid (正酪酸)
ethylacetic acid (エチル酢酸)

C
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
C60? C60
C60 C60?  
C84? C84
C84 C84?  
n-capric acid C10H20O2
C9H19COOH
CH3[CH2]8COOH
decanoic acid (デカン酸) n-capric acid (正カプリン酸)
n-nonanecarboxylic acid (正ノナンカルボン酸)
n-octylacetic acid (正オクチル酢酸)
n-caproic acid C6H12O2
C5H11COOH
CH3[CH2]4COOH
hexanoic acid (ヘキサン酸) n-caproic acid (正カプロン酸)
n-pentanecarboxylic acid (正ペンタンカルボン酸)
n-butylacetic acid (正ブチル酢酸)
n-caprylic acid C8H16O2
C7H15COOH
CH3[CH2]6COOH
octanoic acid (オクタン酸) n-caprylic acid (正カプリル酸)
n-heptanecarboxylic acid (正ヘプタンカルボン酸)
n-hexylacetic acid (正ヘキシル酢酸)
carbon tetrabromide CBr4
CBr4 tetrabromomethane (テトラブロムメタン) carbon tetrabromide (四臭化炭素)
carbon tetrachloride CCl4
CCl4 tetrachloromethane (テトラクロルメタン) carbon tetrachloride (四塩化炭素)
carbon tetrafluoride CF4
CF4 tetrafluoromethane (テトラフルオルメタン) carbon tetrafluoride (四フッ化炭素)
carbon tetraiodide CI4
CI4 tetraiodomethane (テトラヨードメタン) carbon tetraiodide (四ヨウ化炭素)
carbondioxide CO2
CO2 carbondioxide (二酸化炭素)  
cathechol C6H6O2
C6H4(OH)2
OH
OH
o-dihydroxybenzene (o-ジヒドロキシベンゼン) cathechol (カテコール)
pyrocathechol (ピロカテコール)
chlorobenzene C6H5Cl
C6H5Cl
Cl
chlorobenzene (クロロベンゼン)  
chloroethane C2H5Cl
CH3CH2Cl chloroethane (クロルエタン) ethyl chloride (塩化エチル)
chloroform CHCl3
CHCl3 trichloromethane (トリクロルメタン) chloroform (クロロホルム)
chloromethane CH3Cl
CH3Cl chloromethane (クロルメタン) methyl chloride (塩化メチル)
1-chloropropane C3H7Cl
CH3CH2CH2Cl 1-chloropropane (1-クロルプロパン) propyl chloride (塩化プロピル)
2-chloropropane C3H7Cl
CH3CHClCH3 2-chloropropane (2-クロルプロパン) isopropyl chloride (塩化イソプロピル)
m-cresol C7H8O
C6H4(CH3)(OH)
OH
CH3
m-cresol (m-クレゾール)
m-methylphenol (m-メチルフェノール)
 
o-cresol C7H8O
C6H4(CH3)(OH)
OH
CH3
o-cresol (o-クレゾール)
o-methylphenol (o-メチルフェノール)
 
p-cresol C7H8O
C6H4(CH3)(OH)
OH

CH3
p-cresol (p-クレゾール)
p-methylphenol (p-メチルフェノール)
 
crotonylene C4H6
CH3C#CCH3 2-butine (2-ブチン) dimethylacethylene (ジメチルアセチレン)
crotonylene (クロトニレン)
cyclobutane C4H8
C4H8
cyclobutane (シクロブタン) tetramethylene (テトラメチレン)
cycloheptane C7H14
C7H14
cycloheptane (シクロヘプタン) heptamethylene (ヘプタメチレン)
cyclohexane C6H12
C6H12
cyclohexane (シクロヘキサン) naphthene (ナフテン)
hexamethylene (ヘキサメチレン)
hexahydrobenzene (六水素化ベンゼン)
cyclooctane C8H16
C8H16
cyclooctane (シクロオクタン) octamethylene (オクタメチレン)
cyclopentane C5H10
C5H10
cyclopentane (シクロペンタン) pentamethylene (ペンタメチレン)
cyclopropane C3H6
C3H6
cyclopropane (シクロプロパン) trimethylene (トリメチレン)

D
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
decane C10H22
CH3[CH2]8CH3 decane (デカン) n-decane (正デカン)
n-decane C10H22
CH3[CH2]8CH3 decane (デカン) n-decane (正デカン)
decanedioic acid C10H18O4
HOOCC8H16COOH
HOOC[CH2]8COOH
decanedioic acid (デカン二酸) sebacic acid (セバシン酸)
(セバチン酸)
decanoic acid C10H20O2
C9H19COOH
CH3[CH2]8COOH
decanoic acid (デカン酸) n-capric acid (正カプリン酸)
n-nonanecarboxylic acid (正ノナンカルボン酸)
n-octylacetic acid (正オクチル酢酸)
decanylamine C10H23N
C10H21NH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2NH2
decanylamine (デカニルアミン) n-decanylamine (正デカニルアミン)
n-decanylamine C10H23N
C10H21NH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2NH2
decanylamine (デカニルアミン) n-decanylamine (正デカニルアミン)
dibromomethane CH2Br2
CH2Br2 dibromomethane (ジブロムメタン) methylene bromide (臭化メチレン)
1,1-dichloroethane C2H4Cl2
CH3CHCl2 1,1-dichloroethane (1,1-ジクロルエタン) ethyledene chloride (塩化エチリデン)
1,2-dichloroethane C2H4Cl2
CH2ClCH2Cl 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-ジクロルエタン) ethylene chloride (塩化エチレン)
dichloromethane CH2Cl2
CH2Cl2 dichloromethane (ジクロルメタン) methylene chloride (塩化メチレン)
1,1-dichloropropane C3H6Cl2
CH3CH2CHCl2 1,1-dichloropropane (1,1-ジクロルプロパン) propylidene chloride (塩化プロピリデン)
1,2-dichloropropane C3H6Cl2
CH3CHClCH2Cl 1,2-dichloropropane (1,2-ジクロルプロパン) propylene chloride (塩化プロピレン)
1,3-dichloropropane C3H6Cl2
CH2ClCH2CH2Cl 1,3-dichloropropane (1,3-ジクロルプロパン) trimethylene chloride (塩化トリメチレン)
2,2-dichloropropane C3H6Cl2
CH3CCl2CH3 2,2-dichloropropane (2,2-ジクロルプロパン) isopropyl dichloride (二塩化イソプロピル)
diethyl ether C4H10O
CH3CH2OCH2CH3 diethyl ether (ジエチルエーテル) ethyl ether (エチルエーテル)
diethyl ketone C5H10O
CH3CH2COCH2CH3 3-pentanone (3-ペンタノン) propionone (プロピオノン)
diethyl ketone (ジエチルケトン)
diethyle methyle methane C6H14
CH3CH2CH(CH3)CH2CH3
      CH3
      |
CH3CH2CHCH2CH3
3-methyle pentane (3-メチルペンタン) diethyle methyle methane (二エチルメチルメタン)
1,1-difluoroethane C2H4F2
CH3CHF2 1,1-difluoroethane (1,1-ジフルオルエタン) ethyledene fluoride (フッ化エチリデン)
1,2-difluoroethane C2H4F2
CH2FCH2F 1,2-difluoroethane (1,2-ジフルオルエタン) ethylene fluoride (フッ化エチレン)
difluoromethane CH2F2
CH2F2 difluoromethane (ジフルオルメタン) methylene fluoride (フッ化メチレン)
m-dihydroxybenzene C6H6O2
C6H4(OH)2
OH
OH
m-dihydroxybenzene (m-ジヒドロキシベンゼン) resorcinol (レゾルシノール)
o-dihydroxybenzene C6H6O2
C6H4(OH)2
OH
OH
o-dihydroxybenzene (o-ジヒドロキシベンゼン) cathechol (カテコール)
pyrocathechol (ピロカテコール)
p-dihydroxybenzene C6H6O2
C6H4(OH)2
OH

OH
p-dihydroxybenzene (p-ジヒドロキシベンゼン) hydroquinone (ヒドロキノン)
diiodomethane CH2I2
CH2I2 diiodomethane (ジヨードメタン) methylene iodide (ヨウ化メチレン)
diisohexane C6H14
CH3CH(CH3)CH(CH3)CH3
     CH3
     |
CH3CHCHCH3
   |
   CH3
2,3-dimethyle butane (2,3-ジメチルブタン) diisohexane (ジイソヘキサン)
dimethyl ether C2H6O
CH3OCH3 dimethyl ether (ジメチルエーテル) methyl ether (メチルエーテル)
dimethyl ketone C3H6O
CH3COCH3 propanone (プロパノン) acetone (アセトン)
dimethyl ketone (ジメチルケトン)
dimethylacethylene C4H6
CH3C#CCH3 2-butine (2-ブチン) dimethylacethylene (ジメチルアセチレン)
crotonylene (クロトニレン)
m-dimethylbenzene C8H10
C6H4(CH3)2
CH3
CH3
m-xylene (m-キシレン)
m-dimethylbenzene (m-ジメチルベンゼン)
 
o-dimethylbenzene C8H10
C6H4(CH3)2
CH3
CH3
o-xylene (o-キシレン)
o-dimethylbenzene (o-ジメチルベンゼン)
 
p-dimethylbenzene C8H10
C6H4(CH3)2
CH3

CH3
p-xylene (p-キシレン)
p-dimethylbenzene (p-ジメチルベンゼン)
 
2,2-dimethyle butane C6H14
CH3CH2C(CH3)2CH3
      CH3
      |
CH3CH2CCH3
      |
      CH3
2,2-dimethyle butane (2,2-ジメチルブタン) neohexane (ネオヘキサン)
2,3-dimethyle butane C6H14
CH3CH(CH3)CH(CH3)CH3
     CH3
     |
CH3CHCHCH3
   |
   CH3
2,3-dimethyle butane (2,3-ジメチルブタン) diisohexane (ジイソヘキサン)
dimethyle ethyle methane C5H12
CH3CH2CH(CH3)CH3
      CH3
      |
CH3CH2CHCH3
2-methyle butane (2-メチルブタン) isopentane (イソペンタン)
dimethyle ethyle methane (二メチルエチルメタン)
dimethyle ethylene C4H8
CH3CH=CHCH3 2-buten (2-ブテン) dimethyle ethylene (ジメチルエチレン)
β-butylene (β-ブチレン)
2,2-dimethyle propane C5H12
CH3C(CH3)2CH3
   CH3
   |
CH3CCH3
   |
   CH3
2,2-dimethyle propane (2,2-ジメチルプロパン) neopentane (ネオペンタン)
tetramethyle methane (四メチルメタン)
diphenylether C12H10O
C6H5OC6H5
O
diphenylether (ジフェニルエーテル)  
diphenylketone C13H10O
C6H5COC6H5
CO
diphenylmethanone (ジフェニルメタノン) benzophenone (ベンゾフェノン)
diphenylketone (ジフェニルケトン)
diphenylmethanone C13H10O
C6H5COC6H5
CO
diphenylmethanone (ジフェニルメタノン) benzophenone (ベンゾフェノン)
diphenylketone (ジフェニルケトン)
divinyl C4H6
CH2=CHCH=CH2 1,3-butadiene (1,3-ブタジエン)
butadiene (ブタジエン)
divinyl (ジビニル)
vinylethylene(ビニルエチレン)
dodecanoic acid C12H24O2
C11H23COOH
CH3[CH2]10COOH
dodecanoic acid (ドデカン酸) n-lauric acid (正ラウリン酸)

E
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
n-enanthic acid C7H14O2
C6H13COOH
CH3[CH2]5COOH
heptanoic acid (ヘプタン酸) n-enanthic acid (正エナント酸)
(正エナンチル酸)
n-hexanecarboxylic acid (正ヘキサンカルボン酸)
n-pentylacetic acid (正ペンチル酢酸)
ethanal C2H4O
CH3CHO ethanal (エタナール) acetaldehyde (アセトアルデヒド)
ethanamide C2H5ON
CH3CONH2 ethanamide (エタンアミド)
methane carbonamide (メタンカルボンアミド)
acetamide (アセトアミド)
ethane carbonamide C3H7ON
C2H5CONH2
CH3CH2CONH2
propanamide (プロパンアミド)
ethane carbonamide (エタンカルボンアミド)
propionamide (プロピオンアミド)
ethane C2H6
CH3CH3 ethane (エタン)  
ethanecarbonitrile C3H5N
C2H5CN
CH3CH2CN
propanenitrile (プロパンニトリル)
ethanecarbonitrile (エタンカルボニトリル)
propionitrile (プロピオニトリル)
ethyl cyanide (シアン化エチル)
ethanedioic acid C2H2O4
HOOCCOOH
(COOH)2
ethanedioic acid (エタン二酸) oxalic acid (しゅう酸)
ethanenitrile C2H3N
CH3CN ethanenitrile (エタンニトリル)
methanecarbonitrile (メタンカルボニトリル)
acetonitrile (アセトニトリル)
methyl cyanide (シアン化メチル)
ethanoic acid C2H4O2
CH3COOH ethanoic acid (エタン酸) acetic acid (酢酸)
ethanol C2H6O
C2H5OH
CH3CH2OH
ethanol (エタノール) ethyl alcohol (エチルアルコール)
ethene C2H4
CH2=CH2 ethene (エテン) ethylene (エチレン)
ethenylbenzene C8H8
C6H5CHCH2
CHCH2
ethenylbenzene (エテニルベンゼン) styrene (スチレン)
ethyl acetate C4H8O2
CH3COOC2H5 ethyl ethanoate (エタン酸エチル) ethyl acetate (酢酸エチル)
ethyl alcohol C2H6O
C2H5OH
CH3CH2OH
ethanol (エタノール) ethyl alcohol (エチルアルコール)
ethyl butanoate C6H12O2
C3H7COOC2H5 ethyl butanoate (ブタン酸エチル) ethyl butyrate (酪酸エチル)
ethyl butyrate C6H12O2
C3H7COOC2H5 ethyl butanoate (ブタン酸エチル) ethyl butyrate (酪酸エチル)
ethyl chloride C2H5Cl
CH3CH2Cl chloroethane (クロルエタン) ethyl chloride (塩化エチル)
ethyl cyanide C3H5N
C2H5CN
CH3CH2CN
propanenitrile (プロパンニトリル)
ethanecarbonitrile (エタンカルボニトリル)
propionitrile (プロピオニトリル)
ethyl cyanide (シアン化エチル)
ethyl ethanoate C4H8O2
CH3COOC2H5 ethyl ethanoate (エタン酸エチル) ethyl acetate (酢酸エチル)
ethyl ether C4H10O
CH3CH2OCH2CH3 diethyl ether (ジエチルエーテル) ethyl ether (エチルエーテル)
ethyl fluoride C2H5F
CH3CH2F fluoroethane (フルオルエタン) ethyl fluoride (フッ化エチル)
ethyl formate C3H6O2
HCOOC2H5 ethyl methanoate (メタン酸エチル) ethyl formate (ギ酸エチル)
ethyl methanoate C3H6O2
HCOOC2H5 ethyl methanoate (メタン酸エチル) ethyl formate (ギ酸エチル)
ethylacethylene C4H6
CH3CH2C#CH 1-butine (1-ブチン) ethylacethylene (エチルアセチレン)
ethylacetic acid C4H8O2
C3H7COOH
CH3[CH2]2COOH
butanoic acid (ブタン酸) n-butyric acid (正酪酸)
ethylacetic acid (エチル酢酸)
ethylamine C2H7N
C2H5NH2
CH3CH2NH2
ethylamine (エチルアミン)  
ethylbenzoate C9H10O2
C6H5COOC2H5
COOC2H5
ethylbenzoate (安息香酸エチル)  
ethyle ethylene C4H8
CH3CH2CH=CH2 1-buten (1-ブテン) ethyle ethylene (エチルエチレン)
α-butylene (α-ブチレン)
ethyledene chloride C2H4Cl2
CH3CHCl2 1,1-dichloroethane (1,1-ジクロルエタン) ethyledene chloride (塩化エチリデン)
ethyledene fluoride C2H4F2
CH3CHF2 1,1-difluoroethane (1,1-ジフルオルエタン) ethyledene fluoride (フッ化エチリデン)
ethylene chloride C2H4Cl2
CH2ClCH2Cl 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-ジクロルエタン) ethylene chloride (塩化エチレン)
ethylene fluoride C2H4F2
CH2FCH2F 1,2-difluoroethane (1,2-ジフルオルエタン) ethylene fluoride (フッ化エチレン)
ethylene C2H4
CH2=CH2 ethene (エテン) ethylene (エチレン)
ethylmethyl ether C3H8O
CH3CH2OCH3 ethylmethyl ether (エチルメチルエーテル)  
ethylmethyl ketone C4H8O
CH3CH2COCH3 butanone (ブタノン) ethylmethyl ketone (エチルメチルケトン)
ethyne C2H2
CH#CH ethyne (エチン) acethylene (アセチレン)

F
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
fluoroethane C2H5F
CH3CH2F fluoroethane (フルオルエタン) ethyl fluoride (フッ化エチル)
fluoroform CHF3
CHF3 trifluoromethane (トリフルオルメタン) fluoroform (フルオロホルム)
fluoromethane CH3F
CH3F fluoromethane (フルオルメタン) methyl fluoride (フッ化メチル)
formaldehyde CH2O
HCHO methanal (メタナール) formaldehyde (ホルムアルデヒド)
formamide CH3ON
HCONH2 methanamide (メタンアミド) formamide (ホルムアミド)
formic acid CH2O2
HCOOH methanoic acid (メタン酸) formic acid (ギ酸)
fumaric acid C4H4O4
HOOCCH=CHCOOH trans-butenedioic acid (trans-ブテン二酸) fumaric acid (フマル酸)

G
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
glutaric acid C5H8O4
HOOCC3H6COOH
HOOC[CH2]3COOH
pentanedioic acid (ペンタン二酸) glutaric acid (グルタル酸)

H
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
1,1,1,2,2,3,3-heptachloropropane C3HCl7
CHCl2CCl2CHCl3 1,1,1,2,2,3,3-heptachloropropane (1,1,1,2,2,3,3-ヘプタクロルプロパン)  
1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptachloropropane C3HCl7
CCl3CHClCHCl3 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptachloropropane (1,1,1,2,3,3,3-ヘプタクロルプロパン)  
heptalene C12H10
C12H10
heptalene (ヘプタレン)  
heptamethylene C7H14
C7H14
cycloheptane (シクロヘプタン) heptamethylene (ヘプタメチレン)
heptane C7H16
CH3[CH2]5CH3 heptane (ヘプタン) n-heptane (正ヘプタン)
n-heptane C7H16
CH3[CH2]5CH3 heptane (ヘプタン) n-heptane (正ヘプタン)
n-heptanecarboxylic acid C8H16O2
C7H15COOH
CH3[CH2]6COOH
octanoic acid (オクタン酸) n-caprylic acid (正カプリル酸)
n-heptanecarboxylic acid (正ヘプタンカルボン酸)
n-hexylacetic acid (正ヘキシル酢酸)
heptanedioic acid C7H12O4
HOOCC5H10COOH
HOOC[CH2]5COOH
heptanedioic acid (ヘプタン二酸) pimelic acid (ピメリン酸)
heptanoic acid C7H14O2
C6H13COOH
CH3[CH2]5COOH
heptanoic acid (ヘプタン酸) n-enanthic acid (正エナント酸)
(正エナンチル酸)
n-hexanecarboxylic acid (正ヘキサンカルボン酸)
n-pentylacetic acid (正ペンチル酢酸)
1-heptanol C7H16O
C7H15OH
CH3[CH2]6OH
1-heptanol (1-ヘプタノール) n-heptyl alcohol (正ヘプチルアルコール)
n-heptyl alcohol C7H16O
C7H15OH
CH3[CH2]6OH
1-heptanol (1-ヘプタノール) n-heptyl alcohol (正ヘプチルアルコール)
n-heptylacetic acid C9H18O2
C8H17COOH
CH3[CH2]7COOH
nonanoic acid (ノナン酸) n-pelargonic acid (正ペラルゴン酸)
n-octanecarboxylic acid (正オクタンカルボン酸)
n-heptylacetic acid (正ヘプチル酢酸)
heptylamine C7H17N
C7H15NH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2NH2
heptylamine (ヘプチルアミン) n-heptylamine (正ヘプチルアミン)
n-heptylamine C7H17N
C7H15NH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2NH2
heptylamine (ヘプチルアミン) n-heptylamine (正ヘプチルアミン)
hexachloroethane C2Cl6
CCl3CCl3 hexachloroethane (ヘキサクロルエタン) perchloroethane (ペルクロルエタン)
1,1,1,2,2,3-hexachloropropane C3H2Cl6
CH2ClCCl2CCl3 1,1,1,2,2,3-hexachloropropane (1,1,1,2,2,3-ヘキサクロルプロパン)  
1,1,1,2,3,3-hexachloropropane C3H2Cl6
CHCl2CHClCCl3 1,1,1,2,3,3-hexachloropropane (1,1,1,2,3,3-ヘキサクロルプロパン)  
1,1,1,3,3,3-hexachloropropane C3H2Cl6
CCl3CH2CCl3 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexachloropropane (1,1,1,3,3,3-ヘキサクロルプロパン)  
1,1,2,2,3,3-hexachloropropane C3H2Cl6
CHCl2CCl2CHCl2 1,1,2,2,3,3-hexachloropropane (1,1,2,2,3,3-ヘキサクロルプロパン)  
hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2
C15H31COOH
CH3[CH2]14COOH
hexadecanoic acid (ヘキサデカン酸) n-palmitic acid (正パルミチン酸)
hexafluoroethane C2F6
CF3CF3 hexafluoroethane (ヘキサフルオルエタン) perfluoroethane (ペルフルオルエタン)
hexahydrobenzene C6H12
C6H12
cyclohexane (シクロヘキサン) naphthene (ナフテン)
hexamethylene (ヘキサメチレン)
hexahydrobenzene (六水素化ベンゼン)
hexamethylene C6H12
C6H12
cyclohexane (シクロヘキサン) naphthene (ナフテン)
hexamethylene (ヘキサメチレン)
hexahydrobenzene (六水素化ベンゼン)
hexanal C6H12O
C5H11CHO
CH3[CH2]4CHO
hexanal (ヘキサナール)  
hexane C6H14
CH3[CH2]4CH3 hexane (ヘキサン) n-hexane (正ヘキサン)
n-hexane C6H14
CH3[CH2]4CH3 hexane (ヘキサン) n-hexane (正ヘキサン)
n-hexanecarboxylic acid C7H14O2
C6H13COOH
CH3[CH2]5COOH
heptanoic acid (ヘプタン酸) n-enanthic acid (正エナント酸)
(正エナンチル酸)
n-hexanecarboxylic acid (正ヘキサンカルボン酸)
n-pentylacetic acid (正ペンチル酢酸)
hexanedioic acid C6H10O4
HOOCC4H8COOH
HOOC[CH2]4COOH
hexanedioic acid (ヘキサン二酸) adipic acid (アジピン酸)
hexanoic acid C6H12O2
C5H11COOH
CH3[CH2]4COOH
hexanoic acid (ヘキサン酸) n-caproic acid (正カプロン酸)
n-pentanecarboxylic acid (正ペンタンカルボン酸)
n-butylacetic acid (正ブチル酢酸)
1-hexanol C6H14O
C6H13OH
CH3[CH2]5OH
1-hexanol (1-ヘキサノール) n-hexyl alcohol (正ヘキシルアルコール)
n-hexyl alcohol C6H14O
C6H13OH
CH3[CH2]5OH
1-hexanol (1-ヘキサノール) n-hexyl alcohol (正ヘキシルアルコール)
n-hexylacetic acid C8H16O2
C7H15COOH
CH3[CH2]6COOH
octanoic acid (オクタン酸) n-caprylic acid (正カプリル酸)
n-heptanecarboxylic acid (正ヘプタンカルボン酸)
n-hexylacetic acid (正ヘキシル酢酸)
hexylamine C6H15N
C6H13NH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2NH2
hexylamine (ヘキシルアミン) n-hexylamine (正ヘキシルアミン)
n-hexylamine C6H15N
C6H13NH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2NH2
hexylamine (ヘキシルアミン) n-hexylamine (正ヘキシルアミン)
hydrocyane CHN
HCN hydrocyane (シアン化水素) prussic acid (青酸)
hydrogen oxofluoride ? HOF
HOF hydrogen oxofluoride ? (オキソフッ化水素)  
hydroquinone C6H6O2
C6H4(OH)2
OH

OH
p-dihydroxybenzene (p-ジヒドロキシベンゼン) hydroquinone (ヒドロキノン)
m-hydroxybenzaldehyde C7H6O2
C6H4(OH)(CHO)
CHO
OH
m-hydroxybenzaldehyde (m-ヒドロキシベンズアルデヒド)  
o-hydroxybenzaldehyde C7H6O2
C6H4(OH)(CHO)
CHO
OH
o-hydroxybenzaldehyde (o-ヒドロキシベンズアルデヒド) salicylaldehyde (サリチルアルデヒド)
p-hydroxybenzaldehyde C7H6O2
C6H4(OH)(CHO)
CHO

OH
p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (p-ヒドロキシベンズアルデヒド)  
hydroxybenzene C6H6O
C6H5OH
OH
phenol (フェノール)
(石炭酸)
hydroxybenzene (ヒドロキシベンゼン)
m-hydroxybenzoic adic C7H6O3
C6H4(OH)(COOH)
COOH
OH
m-hydroxybenzoic adic (m-ヒドロキシ安息香酸)  
o-hydroxybenzoic adic C7H6O3
C6H4(OH)(COOH)
COOH
OH
o-hydroxybenzoic adic (o-ヒドロキシ安息香酸) salicylic acid (サリチル酸)
p-hydroxybenzoic adic C7H6O3
C6H4(OH)(COOH)
COOH

OH
p-hydroxybenzoic adic (p-ヒドロキシ安息香酸)  
hydroxyhydroquinone C6H6O3
C6H3(OH)3
OH
OH
OH
1,2,4-trihydroxybenzene (1,2,4-トリヒドロキシベンゼン) hydroxyhydroquinone (オキシハイドロキノン)

I
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
iodoform CHI3
CHI3 triiodomethane (トリヨードメタン) iodoform (ヨードホルム)
iodomethane CH3I
CH3I iodomethane (ヨードメタン) methyl iodide (ヨウ化メチル)
isbutylene C4H8
   CH3
   |
CH3C=CH2
2-methyle propen (2-メチルプロペン) isbutylene (イソブチレン)
2-methyle propylen (2-メチルプロピレン)
γ-butylene (γ-ブチレン)
isoamyl butyrate C9H18O2
C3H7COOCH2CH2CHCH3
             |
             CH3
2-methylbutyl butanoate (ブタン酸-2-メチルブチル) isoamyl butyrate (酪酸イソアミル)
isobutane C4H10
CH3CH(CH3)CH3
   CH3
   |
CH3CHCH3
2-methyle propane (2-メチルプロパン) isobutane (イソブタン)
trimethyle methane (三メチルメタン)
isohexane C6H14
CH3[CH2]2CH(CH3)CH3
         CH3
         |
CH3[CH2]2CHCH3
2-methyle pentane (2-メチルペンタン) isohexane (イソヘキサン)
isonicotinic acid C6H5O2N
C5H5NCOOH

COOH
4-pyridinecarboxylic acid (4-ピリジンカルボン酸) isonicotinic acid (イソニコチン酸)
isopentane C5H12
CH3CH2CH(CH3)CH3
      CH3
      |
CH3CH2CHCH3
2-methyle butane (2-メチルブタン) isopentane (イソペンタン)
dimethyle ethyle methane (二メチルエチルメタン)
isophthalic acid C8H6O4
C6H4(COOH)2
COOH
COOH
isophthalic acid (イソフタル酸)
m-phthalic acid (m-フタル酸)
 
isopropyl chloride C3H7Cl
CH3CHClCH3 2-chloropropane (2-クロルプロパン) isopropyl chloride (塩化イソプロピル)
isopropyl dichloride C3H6Cl2
CH3CCl2CH3 2,2-dichloropropane (2,2-ジクロルプロパン) isopropyl dichloride (二塩化イソプロピル)

K
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
ketene C2H2O
CH2=C=O ketene (ケテン)  

L
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
n-lauric acid C12H24O2
C11H23COOH
CH3[CH2]10COOH
dodecanoic acid (ドデカン酸) n-lauric acid (正ラウリン酸)
lepargilic acid C9H16O4
HOOCC7H14COOH
HOOC[CH2]7COOH
nonanedioic acid (ノナン二酸) azeleic acid (アゼライン酸)
lepargilic acid (レパルギル酸)

M
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
maleic acid C4H4O4
HOOCCH=CHCOOH cis-butenedioic acid (cis-ブテン二酸) maleic acid (マレイン酸)
malonic acid C3H4O4
HOOCCH2COOH
CH2(COOH)2
propanedioic acid (プロパン二酸) malonic acid (マロン酸)
mesitylene C9H12
C6H3(CH3)3
H3C CH3
CH3
1,3,5-trimethylbenzene (1,3,5-トリメチルベンゼン) mesitylene (メシチレン)
methanal CH2O
HCHO methanal (メタナール) formaldehyde (ホルムアルデヒド)
methanamide CH3ON
HCONH2 methanamide (メタンアミド) formamide (ホルムアミド)
methane carbonamide C2H5ON
CH3CONH2 ethanamide (エタンアミド)
methane carbonamide (メタンカルボンアミド)
acetamide (アセトアミド)
methane CH4
CH4 methane (メタン)  
methanecarbonitrile C2H3N
CH3CN ethanenitrile (エタンニトリル)
methanecarbonitrile (メタンカルボニトリル)
acetonitrile (アセトニトリル)
methyl cyanide (シアン化メチル)
methanoic acid CH2O2
HCOOH methanoic acid (メタン酸) formic acid (ギ酸)
methanol CH4O
CH3OH methanol (メタノール) methyl alcohol (メチルアルコール)
methoxybenzene C7H8O
C6H5OCH3
OCH3
methylphenylether (メチルフェニルエーテル)
methoxybenzene (メトキシベンゼン)
anisole (アニソール)
methyl acetate C3H6O2
CH3COOCH3 methyl ethanoate (エタン酸メチル) methyl acetate (酢酸メチル)
methyl alcohol CH4O
CH3OH methanol (メタノール) methyl alcohol (メチルアルコール)
methyl bromide CH3Br
CH3Br bromomethane (ブロムメタン) methyl bromide (臭化メチル)
methyl chloride CH3Cl
CH3Cl chloromethane (クロルメタン) methyl chloride (塩化メチル)
methyl cyanide C2H3N
CH3CN ethanenitrile (エタンニトリル)
methanecarbonitrile (メタンカルボニトリル)
acetonitrile (アセトニトリル)
methyl cyanide (シアン化メチル)
methyl ethanoate C3H6O2
CH3COOCH3 methyl ethanoate (エタン酸メチル) methyl acetate (酢酸メチル)
methyl ether C2H6O
CH3OCH3 dimethyl ether (ジメチルエーテル) methyl ether (メチルエーテル)
methyl fluoride CH3F
CH3F fluoromethane (フルオルメタン) methyl fluoride (フッ化メチル)
methyl formate C2H4O2
HCOOCH3 methyl methanoate (メタン酸メチル) methyl formate (ギ酸メチル)
methyl iodide CH3I
CH3I iodomethane (ヨードメタン) methyl iodide (ヨウ化メチル)
methyl methanoate C2H4O2
HCOOCH3 methyl methanoate (メタン酸メチル) methyl formate (ギ酸メチル)
methylacethylene C3H4
CH3C#CH propyne (プロピン) methylacethylene (メチルアセチレン)
methylacetic acid C3H6O2
C2H5COOH
CH3CH2COOH
propanoic acid (プロパン酸) propionic acid (プロピオン酸)
methylacetic acid (メチル酢酸)
methylallene C4H6
CH3CH=C=CH2 1,2-butadiene (1,2-ブタジエン) methylallene (メチルアレン)
methylamine CH5N
CH3NH2 methylamine (メチルアミン)  
methylbenzene C7H8
C6H5CH3
CH3
methylbenzene (メチルベンゼン) toluene (トルエン)
methylbenzoate C8H8O2
C6H5COOCH3
COOCH3
methylbenzoate (安息香酸メチル)  
m-methylbenzoic acid C8H8O2
C6H4(CH3)(COOH)
COOH
CH3
m-toluic acid (m-トルイル酸)
m-methylbenzoic acid (m-メチル安息香酸)
 
o-methylbenzoic acid C8H8O2
C6H4(CH3)(COOH)
COOH
CH3
o-toluic acid (o-トルイル酸)
o-methylbenzoic acid (o-メチル安息香酸)
 
p-methylbenzoic acid C8H8O2
C6H4(CH3)(COOH)
COOH

CH3
p-toluic acid (p-トルイル酸)
p-methylbenzoic acid (p-メチル安息香酸)
 
2-methylbutyl butanoate C9H18O2
C3H7COOCH2CH2CHCH3
             |
             CH3
2-methylbutyl butanoate (ブタン酸-2-メチルブチル) isoamyl butyrate (酪酸イソアミル)
2-methyle butane C5H12
CH3CH2CH(CH3)CH3
      CH3
      |
CH3CH2CHCH3
2-methyle butane (2-メチルブタン) isopentane (イソペンタン)
dimethyle ethyle methane (二メチルエチルメタン)
2-methyle pentane C6H14
CH3[CH2]2CH(CH3)CH3
         CH3
         |
CH3[CH2]2CHCH3
2-methyle pentane (2-メチルペンタン) isohexane (イソヘキサン)
3-methyle pentane C6H14
CH3CH2CH(CH3)CH2CH3
      CH3
      |
CH3CH2CHCH2CH3
3-methyle pentane (3-メチルペンタン) diethyle methyle methane (二エチルメチルメタン)
2-methyle propane C4H10
CH3CH(CH3)CH3
   CH3
   |
CH3CHCH3
2-methyle propane (2-メチルプロパン) isobutane (イソブタン)
trimethyle methane (三メチルメタン)
2-methyle propen C4H8
   CH3
   |
CH3C=CH2
2-methyle propen (2-メチルプロペン) isbutylene (イソブチレン)
2-methyle propylen (2-メチルプロピレン)
γ-butylene (γ-ブチレン)
2-methyle propylen C4H8
   CH3
   |
CH3C=CH2
2-methyle propen (2-メチルプロペン) isbutylene (イソブチレン)
2-methyle propylen (2-メチルプロピレン)
γ-butylene (γ-ブチレン)
methylene bromide CH2Br2
CH2Br2 dibromomethane (ジブロムメタン) methylene bromide (臭化メチレン)
methylene chloride CH2Cl2
CH2Cl2 dichloromethane (ジクロルメタン) methylene chloride (塩化メチレン)
methylene fluoride CH2F2
CH2F2 difluoromethane (ジフルオルメタン) methylene fluoride (フッ化メチレン)
methylene iodide CH2I2
CH2I2 diiodomethane (ジヨードメタン) methylene iodide (ヨウ化メチレン)
1-methylnaphthalene C11H10
C10H7CH3
CH3
1-methylnaphthalene (1-メチルナフタレン)  
2-methylnaphthalene C11H10
C10H7CH3
CH3
2-methylnaphthalene (2-メチルナフタレン)  
m-methylphenol C7H8O
C6H4(CH3)(OH)
OH
CH3
m-cresol (m-クレゾール)
m-methylphenol (m-メチルフェノール)
 
o-methylphenol C7H8O
C6H4(CH3)(OH)
OH
CH3
o-cresol (o-クレゾール)
o-methylphenol (o-メチルフェノール)
 
p-methylphenol C7H8O
C6H4(CH3)(OH)
OH

CH3
p-cresol (p-クレゾール)
p-methylphenol (p-メチルフェノール)
 
methylphenylether C7H8O
C6H5OCH3
OCH3
methylphenylether (メチルフェニルエーテル)
methoxybenzene (メトキシベンゼン)
anisole (アニソール)
methylphenylketone C8H8O
C6H5COCH3
COCH3
1-phenylethanone (1-フェニルエタノン) acetophenone (アセトフェノン)
methylphenylketone (メチルフェニルケトン)
n-myristic acid C14H28O2
C13H27COOH
CH3[CH2]12COOH
tetradecanoic acid (テトラデカン酸) n-myristic acid (正ミリスチン酸)

N
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
1-naphthalencarboxylic acid C11H8O2
C10H7COOH
COOH
1-naphthalencarboxylic acid (1-ナフタレンカルボン酸) 1-naphthoic acid (1-ナフトエ酸)
2-naphthalencarboxylic acid C11H8O2
C10H7COOH
COOH
2-naphthalencarboxylic acid (2-ナフタレンカルボン酸) 2-naphthoic acid (2-ナフトエ酸)
naphthalene C10H8
C10H8
naphthalene (ナフタレン、ナフタリン)  
naphthene C6H12
C6H12
cyclohexane (シクロヘキサン) naphthene (ナフテン)
hexamethylene (ヘキサメチレン)
hexahydrobenzene (六水素化ベンゼン)
1-naphthoaldehyde? C11H8O
C10H7CHO
CHO
1-naphthoaldehyde? (1-ナフトアルデヒド?)  
2-naphthoaldehyde? C11H8O
C10H7CHO
CHO
2-naphthoaldehyde? (2-ナフトアルデヒド?)  
1-naphthoic acid C11H8O2
C10H7COOH
COOH
1-naphthalencarboxylic acid (1-ナフタレンカルボン酸) 1-naphthoic acid (1-ナフトエ酸)
2-naphthoic acid C11H8O2
C10H7COOH
COOH
2-naphthalencarboxylic acid (2-ナフタレンカルボン酸) 2-naphthoic acid (2-ナフトエ酸)
1-naphthol C10H8O
C10H7OH
OH
1-naphthol (1-ナフトール)  
2-naphthol C10H8O
C10H7OH
OH
2-naphthol (2-ナフトール)  
1-naphthylamine C10H9N
C10H7NH2
NH2
1-naphthylamine (1-ナフチルアミン)  
2-naphthylamine C10H9N
C10H7NH2
NH2
2-naphthylamine (2-ナフチルアミン)  
neohexane C6H14
CH3CH2C(CH3)2CH3
      CH3
      |
CH3CH2CCH3
      |
      CH3
2,2-dimethyle butane (2,2-ジメチルブタン) neohexane (ネオヘキサン)
neopentane C5H12
CH3C(CH3)2CH3
   CH3
   |
CH3CCH3
   |
   CH3
2,2-dimethyle propane (2,2-ジメチルプロパン) neopentane (ネオペンタン)
tetramethyle methane (四メチルメタン)
nicotinic acid C6H5O2N
C5H5NCOOH
COOH
3-pyridinecarboxylic acid (3-ピリジンカルボン酸) nicotinic acid (ニコチン酸)
n-nonane C9H20
CH3[CH2]7CH3 nonane (ノナン) n-nonane (正ノナン)
nonane C9H20
CH3[CH2]7CH3 nonane (ノナン) n-nonane (正ノナン)
n-nonanecarboxylic acid C10H20O2
C9H19COOH
CH3[CH2]8COOH
decanoic acid (デカン酸) n-capric acid (正カプリン酸)
n-nonanecarboxylic acid (正ノナンカルボン酸)
n-octylacetic acid (正オクチル酢酸)
nonanedioic acid C9H16O4
HOOCC7H14COOH
HOOC[CH2]7COOH
nonanedioic acid (ノナン二酸) azeleic acid (アゼライン酸)
lepargilic acid (レパルギル酸)
nonanoic acid C9H18O2
C8H17COOH
CH3[CH2]7COOH
nonanoic acid (ノナン酸) n-pelargonic acid (正ペラルゴン酸)
n-octanecarboxylic acid (正オクタンカルボン酸)
n-heptylacetic acid (正ヘプチル酢酸)
1-nonanol C9H20O
C9H19OH
CH3[CH2]8OH
1-nonanol (1-ノナノール) n-nonyl alcohol (正ノニルアルコール)
n-nonyl alcohol C9H20O
C9H19OH
CH3[CH2]8OH
1-nonanol (1-ノナノール) n-nonyl alcohol (正ノニルアルコール)
n-nonylamine C9H21N
C9H19NH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2NH2
nonylamine (ノニルアミン) n-nonylamine (正ノニルアミン)
nonylamine C9H21N
C9H19NH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2NH2
nonylamine (ノニルアミン) n-nonylamine (正ノニルアミン)
norbornane C7H12
      H 
H2C---C---CH2
  |   |   |
  |   CH2 |
  |   |   |
H2C---C---CH2
      H
bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane (ビシクロ[2.2.1]ヘプタン) norbornane (ノルボルナン)

O
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
octachloropropane C3Cl8
CCl3CCl2CHCl3 octachloropropane (オクタクロルプロパン) prechloropropane (ペルクロルプロパン) 
octadecanoic acid C18H36O2
C17H35COOH
CH3[CH2]16COOH
octadecanoic acid (オクタデカン酸) n-stearic acid (正ステアリン酸)
octamethylene C8H16
C8H16
cyclooctane (シクロオクタン) octamethylene (オクタメチレン)
n-octane C8H18
CH3[CH2]6CH3 octane (オクタン) n-octane (正オクタン)
octane C8H18
CH3[CH2]6CH3 octane (オクタン) n-octane (正オクタン)
n-octanecarboxylic acid C9H18O2
C8H17COOH
CH3[CH2]7COOH
nonanoic acid (ノナン酸) n-pelargonic acid (正ペラルゴン酸)
n-octanecarboxylic acid (正オクタンカルボン酸)
n-heptylacetic acid (正ヘプチル酢酸)
octanedioic acid C8H14O4
HOOCC6H12COOH
HOOC[CH2]6COOH
octanedioic acid (オクタン二酸) suberic acid (スベリン酸)
octanoic acid C8H16O2
C7H15COOH
CH3[CH2]6COOH
octanoic acid (オクタン酸) n-caprylic acid (正カプリル酸)
n-heptanecarboxylic acid (正ヘプタンカルボン酸)
n-hexylacetic acid (正ヘキシル酢酸)
1-octanol C8H18O
C8H17OH
CH3[CH2]7OH
1-octanol (1-オクタノール) n-octyl alcohol (正オクチルアルコール)
octyl acetate C10H20O2
CH3COOC8H17 octyl ethanoate (エタン酸オクチル) octyl acetate (酢酸オクチル)
n-octyl alcohol C8H18O
C8H17OH
CH3[CH2]7OH
1-octanol (1-オクタノール) n-octyl alcohol (正オクチルアルコール)
octyl ethanoate C10H20O2
CH3COOC8H17 octyl ethanoate (エタン酸オクチル) octyl acetate (酢酸オクチル)
n-octylacetic acid C10H20O2
C9H19COOH
CH3[CH2]8COOH
decanoic acid (デカン酸) n-capric acid (正カプリン酸)
n-nonanecarboxylic acid (正ノナンカルボン酸)
n-octylacetic acid (正オクチル酢酸)
n-octylamine C8H19N
C8H17NH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2NH2
octylamine (オクチルアミン) n-octylamine (正オクチルアミン)
octylamine C8H19N
C8H17NH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2NH2
octylamine (オクチルアミン) n-octylamine (正オクチルアミン)
oxalic acid C2H2O4
HOOCCOOH
(COOH)2
ethanedioic acid (エタン二酸) oxalic acid (しゅう酸)
oxygen O2
O2 oxygen (酸素)  

P
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
n-palmitic acid C16H32O2
C15H31COOH
CH3[CH2]14COOH
hexadecanoic acid (ヘキサデカン酸) n-palmitic acid (正パルミチン酸)
n-pelargonic acid C9H18O2
C8H17COOH
CH3[CH2]7COOH
nonanoic acid (ノナン酸) n-pelargonic acid (正ペラルゴン酸)
n-octanecarboxylic acid (正オクタンカルボン酸)
n-heptylacetic acid (正ヘプチル酢酸)
pentachloroethane C2HCl5
CHCl2CCl3 pentachloroethane (ペンタクロルエタン)  
1,1,1,2,2-pentachloropropane C3H3Cl5
CH3CCl2CCl3 1,1,1,2,2-pentachloropropane (1,1,1,2,2-ペンタクロルプロパン)  
1,1,1,2,3-pentachloropropane C3H3Cl5
CH2ClCHClCHCl3 1,1,1,2,3-pentachloropropane (1,1,1,2,3-ペンタクロルプロパン)  
1,1,1,3,3-pentachloropropane C3H3Cl5
CHCl2CH2CCl3 1,1,1,3,3-pentachloropropane (1,1,1,3,3-ペンタクロルプロパン)  
1,1,2,2,3-pentachloropropane C3H3Cl5
CH2ClCCl2CHCl2 1,1,2,2,3-pentachloropropane (1,1,2,2,3-ペンタクロルプロパン)  
1,1,2,3,3-pentachloropropane C3H3Cl5
CHCl2CHClCHCl2 1,1,2,3,3-pentachloropropane (1,1,2,3,3-ペンタクロルプロパン)  
pentafluoroethane C2HF5
CHF2CF3 pentafluoroethane (ペンタフルオルエタン)  
pentalene C8H6
C8H6
pentalene (ペンタレン)  
pentamethylene C5H10
C5H10
cyclopentane (シクロペンタン) pentamethylene (ペンタメチレン)
pentanal C5H10O
C4H9CHO
CH3[CH2]3CHO
pentanal (ペンタナール) valeraldehyde (バレルアルデヒド)
pentanamide C5H11ON
C4H9CONH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2CONH2
pentanamide (ペンタンアミド)
butane carbonamide (ブタンカルボンアミド)
valeramide (バレルアミド)
n-pentane C5H12
CH3[CH2]3CH3 pentane (ペンタン) n-pentane (正ペンタン)
pentane C5H12
CH3[CH2]3CH3 pentane (ペンタン) n-pentane (正ペンタン)
n-pentanecarboxylic acid C6H12O2
C5H11COOH
CH3[CH2]4COOH
hexanoic acid (ヘキサン酸) n-caproic acid (正カプロン酸)
n-pentanecarboxylic acid (正ペンタンカルボン酸)
n-butylacetic acid (正ブチル酢酸)
pentanedioic acid C5H8O4
HOOCC3H6COOH
HOOC[CH2]3COOH
pentanedioic acid (ペンタン二酸) glutaric acid (グルタル酸)
pentanoic acid C5H10O2
C4H9COOH
CH3[CH2]3COOH
pentanoic acid (ペンタン酸) n-valeric acid (正吉草酸)
n-butanecarboxylic acid (正ブタンカルボン酸)
n-propylacetic acid (正プロピル酢酸)
1-pentanol C5H12O
C5H11OH
CH3[CH2]4OH
1-pentanol (1-ペンタノール) n-amyl alcohol (正アミルアルコール)
3-pentanone C5H10O
CH3CH2COCH2CH3 3-pentanone (3-ペンタノン) propionone (プロピオノン)
diethyl ketone (ジエチルケトン)
pentyl ethanoate C7H14O2
CH3COOC5H11 pentyl ethanoate (エタン酸ペンチル) amyl acetate (酢酸アミル)
n-pentylacetic acid C7H14O2
C6H13COOH
CH3[CH2]5COOH
heptanoic acid (ヘプタン酸) n-enanthic acid (正エナント酸)
(正エナンチル酸)
n-hexanecarboxylic acid (正ヘキサンカルボン酸)
n-pentylacetic acid (正ペンチル酢酸)
perchloroethane C2Cl6
CCl3CCl3 hexachloroethane (ヘキサクロルエタン) perchloroethane (ペルクロルエタン)
perfluoroethane C2F6
CF3CF3 hexafluoroethane (ヘキサフルオルエタン) perfluoroethane (ペルフルオルエタン)
phenanthrene C14H10
C14H10
phenanthrene (フェナントレン)  
phenol C6H6O
C6H5OH
OH
phenol (フェノール)
(石炭酸)
hydroxybenzene (ヒドロキシベンゼン)
phenylamine C6H7N
C6H5NH2
NH2
benzenamine (ベンゼナミン) aniline (アニリン)
phenylamine (フェニルアミン)
aminobenzene (アミノベンゼン)
phenylcyanide C7H5N
C6H5CN
CN
benzonitrile (ベンゾニトリル) phenylcyanide (シアン化フェニル)
m-phenylenediamine C6H8N2
C6H4(NH2)2
NH2
NH2
m-phenylenediamine (m-フェニレンジアミン)  
o-phenylenediamine C6H8N2
C6H4(NH2)2
NH2
NH2
o-phenylenediamine (o-フェニレンジアミン)  
p-phenylenediamine C6H8N2
C6H4(NH2)2
NH2

NH2
p-phenylenediamine (p-フェニレンジアミン)  
1-phenylethanone C8H8O
C6H5COCH3
COCH3
1-phenylethanone (1-フェニルエタノン) acetophenone (アセトフェノン)
methylphenylketone (メチルフェニルケトン)
phloroglucinol C6H6O3
C6H3(OH)3
HO OH
OH
1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene (1,3,5-トリヒドロキシベンゼン) phloroglucinol (フロログルシノール)
m-phthalic acid C8H6O4
C6H4(COOH)2
COOH
COOH
isophthalic acid (イソフタル酸)
m-phthalic acid (m-フタル酸)
 
o-phthalic acid C8H6O4
C6H4(COOH)2
COOH
COOH
phthalic acid (フタル酸)
o-phthalic acid (o-フタル酸)
 
p-phthalic acid C8H6O4
C6H4(COOH)2
COOH

COOH
terephthalic acid (テレフタル酸)
p-phthalic acid (p-フタル酸)
 
phthalic acid C8H6O4
C6H4(COOH)2
COOH
COOH
phthalic acid (フタル酸)
o-phthalic acid (o-フタル酸)
 
pimelic acid C7H12O4
HOOCC5H10COOH
HOOC[CH2]5COOH
heptanedioic acid (ヘプタン二酸) pimelic acid (ピメリン酸)
prechloropropane C3Cl8
CCl3CCl2CHCl3 octachloropropane (オクタクロルプロパン) prechloropropane (ペルクロルプロパン) 
propadiene C3H4
CH2=C=CH2 allene (アレン)
propadiene (プロパジエン)
 
propanal C3H6O
C2H5CHO
CH3CH2CHO
propanal (プロパナール) propionaldehyde (プロピオンアルデヒド)
propanamide C3H7ON
C2H5CONH2
CH3CH2CONH2
propanamide (プロパンアミド)
ethane carbonamide (エタンカルボンアミド)
propionamide (プロピオンアミド)
propane carbonamide C4H9ON
C3H7CONH2
CH3CH2CH2CONH2
butanamide (ブタンアミド)
propane carbonamide (プロパンカルボンアミド)
n-butylamide (正ブチルアミド)
propane C3H8
CH3CH2CH3 propane (プロパン)  
propanedioic acid C3H4O4
HOOCCH2COOH
CH2(COOH)2
propanedioic acid (プロパン二酸) malonic acid (マロン酸)
propanenitrile C3H5N
C2H5CN
CH3CH2CN
propanenitrile (プロパンニトリル)
ethanecarbonitrile (エタンカルボニトリル)
propionitrile (プロピオニトリル)
ethyl cyanide (シアン化エチル)
propanoic acid C3H6O2
C2H5COOH
CH3CH2COOH
propanoic acid (プロパン酸) propionic acid (プロピオン酸)
methylacetic acid (メチル酢酸)
1-propanol C3H8O
C3H7OH
CH3[CH2]2OH
1-propanol (1-プロパノール) n-propyl alcohol (正プロピルアルコール)
propanone C3H6O
CH3COCH3 propanone (プロパノン) acetone (アセトン)
dimethyl ketone (ジメチルケトン)
propen C3H6
CH3CH=CH2 propen (プロペン) propylen (プロピレン)
propenoic acid C3H4O2
CH2=CHCOOH propenoic acid (プロペン酸) acrylic acid (アクリル酸)
propiolic acid C3H2O2
CH#CCOOH propynoic acid (プロピン酸) propiolic acid (プロピオル酸)
propionaldehyde C3H6O
C2H5CHO
CH3CH2CHO
propanal (プロパナール) propionaldehyde (プロピオンアルデヒド)
propionamide C3H7ON
C2H5CONH2
CH3CH2CONH2
propanamide (プロパンアミド)
ethane carbonamide (エタンカルボンアミド)
propionamide (プロピオンアミド)
propionic acid C3H6O2
C2H5COOH
CH3CH2COOH
propanoic acid (プロパン酸) propionic acid (プロピオン酸)
methylacetic acid (メチル酢酸)
propionitrile C3H5N
C2H5CN
CH3CH2CN
propanenitrile (プロパンニトリル)
ethanecarbonitrile (エタンカルボニトリル)
propionitrile (プロピオニトリル)
ethyl cyanide (シアン化エチル)
propionone C5H10O
CH3CH2COCH2CH3 3-pentanone (3-ペンタノン) propionone (プロピオノン)
diethyl ketone (ジエチルケトン)
n-propyl alcohol C3H8O
C3H7OH
CH3[CH2]2OH
1-propanol (1-プロパノール) n-propyl alcohol (正プロピルアルコール)
propyl chloride C3H7Cl
CH3CH2CH2Cl 1-chloropropane (1-クロルプロパン) propyl chloride (塩化プロピル)
n-propylacetic acid C5H10O2
C4H9COOH
CH3[CH2]3COOH
pentanoic acid (ペンタン酸) n-valeric acid (正吉草酸)
n-butanecarboxylic acid (正ブタンカルボン酸)
n-propylacetic acid (正プロピル酢酸)
n-propylamine C3H9N
C3H7NH2
CH3CH2CH2NH2
propylamine (プロピルアミン) n-propylamine (正プロピルアミン)
propylamine C3H9N
C3H7NH2
CH3CH2CH2NH2
propylamine (プロピルアミン) n-propylamine (正プロピルアミン)
propylen C3H6
CH3CH=CH2 propen (プロペン) propylen (プロピレン)
propylene chloride C3H6Cl2
CH3CHClCH2Cl 1,2-dichloropropane (1,2-ジクロルプロパン) propylene chloride (塩化プロピレン)
propylidene chloride C3H6Cl2
CH3CH2CHCl2 1,1-dichloropropane (1,1-ジクロルプロパン) propylidene chloride (塩化プロピリデン)
propyne C3H4
CH3C#CH propyne (プロピン) methylacethylene (メチルアセチレン)
propynoic acid C3H2O2
CH#CCOOH propynoic acid (プロピン酸) propiolic acid (プロピオル酸)
prussic acid CHN
HCN hydrocyane (シアン化水素) prussic acid (青酸)
pyridine C5H5N
C5H5N
pyridine (ピリジン)  
3-pyridinecarboxylic acid C6H5O2N
C5H5NCOOH
COOH
3-pyridinecarboxylic acid (3-ピリジンカルボン酸) nicotinic acid (ニコチン酸)
4-pyridinecarboxylic acid C6H5O2N
C5H5NCOOH

COOH
4-pyridinecarboxylic acid (4-ピリジンカルボン酸) isonicotinic acid (イソニコチン酸)
pyrocathechol C6H6O2
C6H4(OH)2
OH
OH
o-dihydroxybenzene (o-ジヒドロキシベンゼン) cathechol (カテコール)
pyrocathechol (ピロカテコール)
pyrogallol C6H6O3
C6H3(OH)3
OH
OH
OH
1,2,3-trihydroxybenzene (1,2,3-トリヒドロキシベンゼン) pyrogallol (ピロガロール)

Q
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
quinoline C9H7N
C9H7N
quinoline (キノリン)  

R
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
resorcinol C6H6O2
C6H4(OH)2
OH
OH
m-dihydroxybenzene (m-ジヒドロキシベンゼン) resorcinol (レゾルシノール)

S
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
salicylaldehyde C7H6O2
C6H4(OH)(CHO)
CHO
OH
o-hydroxybenzaldehyde (o-ヒドロキシベンズアルデヒド) salicylaldehyde (サリチルアルデヒド)
salicylic acid C7H6O3
C6H4(OH)(COOH)
COOH
OH
o-hydroxybenzoic adic (o-ヒドロキシ安息香酸) salicylic acid (サリチル酸)
sebacic acid C10H18O4
HOOCC8H16COOH
HOOC[CH2]8COOH
decanedioic acid (デカン二酸) sebacic acid (セバシン酸)
(セバチン酸)
n-stearic acid C18H36O2
C17H35COOH
CH3[CH2]16COOH
octadecanoic acid (オクタデカン酸) n-stearic acid (正ステアリン酸)
styrene C8H8
C6H5CHCH2
CHCH2
ethenylbenzene (エテニルベンゼン) styrene (スチレン)
suberic acid C8H14O4
HOOCC6H12COOH
HOOC[CH2]6COOH
octanedioic acid (オクタン二酸) suberic acid (スベリン酸)
succinic acid C4H6O4
HOOCC2H4COOH
HOOC[CH2]2COOH
butanedioic acid (ブタン二酸) succinic acid (コハク酸)

T
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
terephthalic acid C8H6O4
C6H4(COOH)2
COOH

COOH
terephthalic acid (テレフタル酸)
p-phthalic acid (p-フタル酸)
 
tetrabromomethane CBr4
CBr4 tetrabromomethane (テトラブロムメタン) carbon tetrabromide (四臭化炭素)
1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane C2H2Cl4
CH2ClCCl3 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane (1,1,1,2-テトラクロルエタン) α-tetrachloroethane (α-テトラクロルエタン)
1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane C2H2Cl4
CHCl2CHCl2 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (1,1,2,2-テトラクロルエタン) β-tetrachloroethane (β-テトラクロルエタン)
α-tetrachloroethane C2H2Cl4
CH2ClCCl3 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane (1,1,1,2-テトラクロルエタン) α-tetrachloroethane (α-テトラクロルエタン)
β-tetrachloroethane C2H2Cl4
CHCl2CHCl2 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (1,1,2,2-テトラクロルエタン) β-tetrachloroethane (β-テトラクロルエタン)
tetrachloromethane CCl4
CCl4 tetrachloromethane (テトラクロルメタン) carbon tetrachloride (四塩化炭素)
1,1,1,2-tetrachloropropane C3H4Cl4
CH3CHClCCl3 1,1,1,2-tetrachloropropane (1,1,1,2-テトラクロルプロパン)  
1,1,1,3-tetrachloropropane C3H4Cl4
CH2ClCH2CCl3 1,1,1,3-tetrachloropropane (1,1,1,3-テトラクロルプロパン)  
1,1,2,2-tetrachloropropane C3H4Cl4
CH3CCl2CHCl2 1,1,2,2-tetrachloropropane (1,1,2,2-テトラクロルプロパン)  
1,1,2,3-tetrachloropropane C3H4Cl4
CH2ClCHClCHCl2 1,1,2,3-tetrachloropropane (1,1,2,3-テトラクロルプロパン)  
1,1,3,3-tetrachloropropane C3H4Cl4
CHCl2CH2CHCl2 1,1,3,3-tetrachloropropane (1,1,3,3-テトラクロルプロパン)  
1,2,2,3-tetrachloropropane C3H4Cl4
CH2ClCCl2CH2Cl 1,2,2,3-tetrachloropropane (1,2,2,3-テトラクロルプロパン)  
tetradecanoic acid C14H28O2
C13H27COOH
CH3[CH2]12COOH
tetradecanoic acid (テトラデカン酸) n-myristic acid (正ミリスチン酸)
1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane C2H2F4
CH2FCF3 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (テトラフルオルエタン) α-tetrafluoroethane (α-テトラフルオルエタン)
1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane C2H2F4
CHF2CHF2 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (テトラフルオルエタン) β-tetrafluoroethane (β-テトラフルオルエタン)
α-tetrafluoroethane C2H2F4
CH2FCF3 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (テトラフルオルエタン) α-tetrafluoroethane (α-テトラフルオルエタン)
β-tetrafluoroethane C2H2F4
CHF2CHF2 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (テトラフルオルエタン) β-tetrafluoroethane (β-テトラフルオルエタン)
tetrafluoromethane CF4
CF4 tetrafluoromethane (テトラフルオルメタン) carbon tetrafluoride (四フッ化炭素)
tetraiodomethane CI4
CI4 tetraiodomethane (テトラヨードメタン) carbon tetraiodide (四ヨウ化炭素)
tetramethyle methane C5H12
CH3C(CH3)2CH3
   CH3
   |
CH3CCH3
   |
   CH3
2,2-dimethyle propane (2,2-ジメチルプロパン) neopentane (ネオペンタン)
tetramethyle methane (四メチルメタン)
tetramethylene C4H8
C4H8
cyclobutane (シクロブタン) tetramethylene (テトラメチレン)
toluene C7H8
C6H5CH3
CH3
methylbenzene (メチルベンゼン) toluene (トルエン)
m-toluic acid C8H8O2
C6H4(CH3)(COOH)
COOH
CH3
m-toluic acid (m-トルイル酸)
m-methylbenzoic acid (m-メチル安息香酸)
 
o-toluic acid C8H8O2
C6H4(CH3)(COOH)
COOH
CH3
o-toluic acid (o-トルイル酸)
o-methylbenzoic acid (o-メチル安息香酸)
 
p-toluic acid C8H8O2
C6H4(CH3)(COOH)
COOH

CH3
p-toluic acid (p-トルイル酸)
p-methylbenzoic acid (p-メチル安息香酸)
 
tribromomethane CHBr3
CHBr3 tribromomethane (トリブロムメタン) bromoform (ブロモホルム)
1,1,1-trichloroethane C2H3Cl3
CH3CCl3 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1,1,1-トリクロルエタン) α-trichloroethane (α-トリクロルエタン)
1,1,2-trichloroethane C2H3Cl3
CH2ClCHCl2 1,1,2-trichloroethane (1,1,2-トリクロルエタン) β-trichloroethane (β-トリクロルエタン)
α-trichloroethane C2H3Cl3
CH3CCl3 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1,1,1-トリクロルエタン) α-trichloroethane (α-トリクロルエタン)
β-trichloroethane C2H3Cl3
CH2ClCHCl2 1,1,2-trichloroethane (1,1,2-トリクロルエタン) β-trichloroethane (β-トリクロルエタン)
trichloromethane CHCl3
CHCl3 trichloromethane (トリクロルメタン) chloroform (クロロホルム)
1,1,1-trichloropropane C3H5Cl3
CH3CH2CCl3 1,1,1-trichloropropane (1,1,1-トリクロルプロパン)  
1,1,2-trichloropropane C3H5Cl3
CH3CHClCHCl2 1,1,2-trichloropropane (1,1,2-トリクロルプロパン)  
1,1,3-trichloropropane C3H5Cl3
CH2ClCH2CHCl2 1,1,3-trichloropropane (1,1,3-トリクロルプロパン)  
1,2,2-trichloropropane C3H5Cl3
CH3CCl2CH2Cl 1,2,2-trichloropropane (1,2,2-トリクロルプロパン)  
1,2,3-trichloropropane C3H5Cl3
CH2ClCHClCH2Cl 1,2,3-trichloropropane (1,2,3-トリクロルプロパン)  
1,1,1-trifluoroethane C2H3F3
CH3CF3 1,1,1-trifluoroethane (1,1,1-トリフルオルエタン) α-trifluoroethane (α-トリフルオルエタン)
1,1,2-trifluoroethane C2H3F3
CH2FCHF2 1,1,2-trifluoroethane (1,1,2-トリフルオルエタン) β-trifluoroethane (β-トリフルオルエタン)
α-trifluoroethane C2H3F3
CH3CF3 1,1,1-trifluoroethane (1,1,1-トリフルオルエタン) α-trifluoroethane (α-トリフルオルエタン)
β-trifluoroethane C2H3F3
CH2FCHF2 1,1,2-trifluoroethane (1,1,2-トリフルオルエタン) β-trifluoroethane (β-トリフルオルエタン)
trifluoromethane CHF3
CHF3 trifluoromethane (トリフルオルメタン) fluoroform (フルオロホルム)
1,2,3-trihydroxybenzene C6H6O3
C6H3(OH)3
OH
OH
OH
1,2,3-trihydroxybenzene (1,2,3-トリヒドロキシベンゼン) pyrogallol (ピロガロール)
1,2,4-trihydroxybenzene C6H6O3
C6H3(OH)3
OH
OH
OH
1,2,4-trihydroxybenzene (1,2,4-トリヒドロキシベンゼン) hydroxyhydroquinone (オキシハイドロキノン)
1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene C6H6O3
C6H3(OH)3
HO OH
OH
1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene (1,3,5-トリヒドロキシベンゼン) phloroglucinol (フロログルシノール)
triiodomethane CHI3
CHI3 triiodomethane (トリヨードメタン) iodoform (ヨードホルム)
1,2,3-trimethylbenzene C9H12
C6H3(CH3)3
CH3
CH3
CH3
1,2,3-trimethylbenzene (1,2,3-トリメチルベンゼン)  
1,2,4-trimethylbenzene C9H12
C6H3(CH3)3
CH3
CH3
CH3
1,2,4-trimethylbenzene (1,2,4-トリメチルベンゼン)  
1,3,5-trimethylbenzene C9H12
C6H3(CH3)3
H3C CH3
CH3
1,3,5-trimethylbenzene (1,3,5-トリメチルベンゼン) mesitylene (メシチレン)
trimethyle methane C4H10
CH3CH(CH3)CH3
   CH3
   |
CH3CHCH3
2-methyle propane (2-メチルプロパン) isobutane (イソブタン)
trimethyle methane (三メチルメタン)
trimethylene chloride C3H6Cl2
CH2ClCH2CH2Cl 1,3-dichloropropane (1,3-ジクロルプロパン) trimethylene chloride (塩化トリメチレン)
trimethylene C3H6
C3H6
cyclopropane (シクロプロパン) trimethylene (トリメチレン)

V
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
valeraldehyde C5H10O
C4H9CHO
CH3[CH2]3CHO
pentanal (ペンタナール) valeraldehyde (バレルアルデヒド)
valeramide C5H11ON
C4H9CONH2
CH3CH2CH2CH2CONH2
pentanamide (ペンタンアミド)
butane carbonamide (ブタンカルボンアミド)
valeramide (バレルアミド)
n-valeric acid C5H10O2
C4H9COOH
CH3[CH2]3COOH
pentanoic acid (ペンタン酸) n-valeric acid (正吉草酸)
n-butanecarboxylic acid (正ブタンカルボン酸)
n-propylacetic acid (正プロピル酢酸)
vinylethylene C4H6
CH2=CHCH=CH2 1,3-butadiene (1,3-ブタジエン)
butadiene (ブタジエン)
divinyl (ジビニル)
vinylethylene(ビニルエチレン)

W
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
water H2O
H2O water (水)  

X
分子名 組成式 示性式 IUPAC 慣用名
m-xylene C8H10
C6H4(CH3)2
CH3
CH3
m-xylene (m-キシレン)
m-dimethylbenzene (m-ジメチルベンゼン)
 
o-xylene C8H10
C6H4(CH3)2
CH3
CH3
o-xylene (o-キシレン)
o-dimethylbenzene (o-ジメチルベンゼン)
 
p-xylene C8H10
C6H4(CH3)2
CH3

CH3
p-xylene (p-キシレン)
p-dimethylbenzene (p-ジメチルベンゼン)
 


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